Consumer Credit Default Indices Show Higher Default Rates For All Loan Types


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All five of the major MSAs showed higher default rates in December 2018. The rate for Miami increased 41 basis points to 1.93% while the rate for New York rose 13 basis points to 0.96%. The default rate for Chicago was up four basis points to 0.88%. The rate for Dallas increased three basis points to 0.85% while for Los Angeles, the rate increased two basis points to 0.52%.

December 2018 marks the first time since January 2017 that all loan types and all major MSAs showed a higher default rate month-over-month. With one exception, index levels remain in line with or lower than levels one year ago. The Miami index is nearly twice its level of a year ago due to a sharp increase in the first mortgage component.

“Consumer credit default rates are giving a caution signal,” says David M. Blitzer, Managing Director and Chairman of the Index Committee at S&P Dow Jones Indices. “It has been almost two years since default rates across the three sectors and all five cities tracked in this report rose together. The chart shows that defaults on bank cards have resumed their uneven upward trend. A recent report from the New York Federal Reserve Bank notes that rejection rates on credit card applications rose in 2018 as did the number of times lenders cancelled accounts. These trends, combined with gradual increases in market interest rates during 2018, point to increasing pressure on the availability of consumer credit as the economy shifts from the fast path of growth last year to what analysts expect to be a slower, more sustainable pace in 2019.

“The economic pictures behind the three lending sectors – autos, mortgages and bank cards – reveal different patterns. Housing is pressured by rising prices and higher mortgage rates. Sales of both new and existing homes are weakening. Auto sales were steady in 2017 and 2018 at slightly more than 17 million vehicles sold each year. Retail sales and consumer spending saw continued growth in 2018 with few signs that credit tightening was having any impact.”

The table below summarizes the December 2018 results for the S&P/Experian Credit Default Indices. These data are not seasonally adjusted and are not subject to revision.

S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Indices

National Indices

Index

December 2018 Index
Level

November 2018
Index Level

December 2017 Index
Level

Composite

0.89

0.83

0.91

First Mortgage

0.67

0.64

0.68

Bank Card

3.34

3.09

3.44

Auto Loans

1.03

0.93

1.10

Source: S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Indices

Data through December 2018

The table below provides the S&P/Experian Consumer Default Composite Indices for the five MSAs:

Metropolitan
Statistical Area

December 2018 Index
Level

November 2018
Index Level

December 2017 Index
Level

New York

0.96

0.83

0.95

Chicago

0.88

0.84

1.15

Dallas

0.85

0.82

0.85

Los Angeles

0.52

0.50

0.77

Miami

1.93

1.52

0.98

Source: S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Indices

Data through December 2018

For more information about S&P Dow Jones Indices, please visit www.spdji.com.

ABOUT THE S&P/EXPERIAN CONSUMER CREDIT DEFAULT INDICES

Jointly developed by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and Experian, the S&P/Experian Consumer Credit Default Indices are published on the third Tuesday of each month at 9:00 am ET. They are constructed to track the default experience of consumer balances in four key loan categories: auto, bankcard, first mortgage lien and second mortgage lien. The Indices are calculated based on data extracted from Experian’s consumer credit database. This database is populated with individual consumer loan and payment data submitted by lenders to Experian every month. Experian’s base of data contributors includes leading banks and mortgage companies, and covers approximately $11 trillion in outstanding loans sourced from 11,500 lenders.

For more information, please visit: https://www.spindices.com/indices/indicators/sp-experian-consumer-credit-default-composite-index.

ABOUT S&P DOW JONES INDICES

S&P Dow Jones Indices is the largest global resource for essential index-based concepts, data and research, and home to iconic financial market indicators, such as the S&P 500® and the Dow Jones Industrial Average®. More assets are invested in products based on our indices than products based on indices from any other provider in the world. Since Charles Dow invented the first index in 1884, S&P DJI has become home to over 1,000,000 indices across the spectrum of asset classes that have helped define the way investors measure and trade the markets.

S&P Dow Jones Indices is a division of S&P Global (NYSE: SPGI), which provides essential intelligence for individuals, companies and governments to make decisions with confidence. For more information, visit www.spdji.com.

ABOUT EXPERIAN

Experian is the world’s leading global information services company. During life’s big moments – from buying a home or a car, to sending a child to college, to growing a business by connecting with new customers – we empower consumers and our clients to manage their data with confidence. We help individuals to take financial control and access financial services, businesses to make smarter decisions and thrive, lenders to lend more responsibly, and organizations to prevent identity fraud and crime.

We have more than 16,000 people operating across 37 countries and every day we’re investing in new technologies, talented people and innovation to help all our clients maximize every opportunity. We are listed on the London Stock Exchange (EXPN) and are a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Learn more at www.experianplc.com or visit our global content hub at our global news blog for the latest news and insights from the Group

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

David Blitzer
Managing Director and Chairman of Index Committee
New York, USA
(+1) 212 438 3907
david.blitzer@spglobal.com

Soogyung Jordan
North America Communications
New York, USA
(+1) 212 438 2297
soogyung.jordan@spglobal.com

Jordan Takeyama
Experian Public Relations
(+1) 714 830 7561
jordan.takeyama@experian.com

SOURCE S&P Dow Jones Indices

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